Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Fine Day for Editing

This week has been dedicated to editing the seven completed biographies. Loyola has a Writing Center, which I suggest to all students to take advantage of, so I made an appointment. It sure does "take-a-village" when it comes to working on a project. Shout out to Shelby Scott at WTC's Writing Center for reviewing all seven biographies and giving fantastic feedback! Shelby suggested that we start by having her read out loud all the biographies, that way I can catch anything that sounds awkward (I can be very good at being awkward...). Luckily, there was not a ton of grammar mistakes and only a few awkward phrases. I had a few questions about formatting which caused more questions about the presentation of the biographies in the online exhibit. In order to be consistent and in case the biographies are split up, she suggested repeating titles/names/translations in all the biographies. I do not know how Professor Berger wants my work cited, and Shelby said that the kind of citation is up to Professor Berger's discretion. I have been very consistent in documenting where I found all the information on the Jesuits and Ramos family so citing should not be that hard. At the end of the appointment I asked Shelby if the biographies were "too dry" and monotonous because she was a blank slate to the information. She was very honest and said that the content was well done and the overall writing was solid. By no means does she thing that the biographies are "too dry" as she pointed out that I included personal facts and quotes beyond the basic information on each person. I was worried that  the biographies were going to be too much of date-location-date-blah-blah-blah, which like I have said before is NOT what I want to do. Also, Shelby said that the voice of the biographies are not my own, which is good because the composition should reflect each victim and be "their voice". Thanks Shelby!

Link to my Go-To for editing guidelines: Purdue OWL

It is a baby owl... Get it?

Now that the end of this internship is coming to an end, I have been reflecting more on what it means to be a historian. Just from these past two weeks of composing the biographies and now having them be edited and fine tuned, writing history really is a process. I remember many professors in my past classes ask "What is history? and how is history created?". Many say that history is written by the winners and those with the education and ability to record events. Although those are very well answers, to me I think it takes more than education and a pen and paper, it is the conviction or lack there of, of the historian who is writing history. What I mean by that is the relevance of information is up to the discretion of the reader/writer/observer and what he or she may find important or not, another person may very well think the opposite. For example, I think it is important to include facts such as Ellacu being an incredible soccer player or that Obdulio planted two yellow rose bushes for his wife and daughter to be information that ought to be included in their biographies. To me, those small pieces of information give a more complete picture of the individuals. My point is this- what is written as "history" does not give the entire picture, and how could it? It would be impossible to record every account of every person, but a lot sure does get lost. I want to make the audience aware that the Jesuits and Ramos family were more than victims who were killed, they were very involved people inside and out of their communities. They faced hardships and were living in a civil war. I could go on and on, but hopefully if you choose to read the biographies you will get a more complete picture.

Saturday, July 26, 2014

Phase 2 Complete... with a Bonus

Not sure if this is technically "Phase 2" but I am going with it. Quite a few things happened this week and I will even throw in a personal note.
Most importantly: I typed up all of the biographies. What ended up happening was that I created seven in total and merged Julia Elba and Celina's into one because there is not enough information. By doing so I was able to speak about Obdulio (Julia Elba's husband and Celina's father). I found writing Julia and Celina's biographies the most difficult, not because of the lack of information but because of their innocence. The information about how they were killed is horrendous. Julia's body was hardly recognizable with the amount of bullets put into her, and the position of her body was found shielding Celina's body. It was Obdulio who found all the bodies the following morning.
Piggybacking off that: In my research I learned that Obdulio planted a rose garden at UCA with six rose bushes for the Jesuits in a circle and two yellow rose bushes in the center for his wife and daughter. This small piece of information many might find unimportant, but to me I wanted to find a photo of the roses which I had no clue in how to come about that. There is so much symbolism behind a rose if you stop and think about it. So stop and think about that for a second....
Here is the bonus: I was speaking to Dr. Jessica Martone (Department of Social Work at Loyola) because I am helping her with an evaluation project. We were talking about our busy schedules and trying to figure out our availability to work, so I ended up sharing with her this project. Turns out, Dr. Martone has been to UCA and has an entire file of photos! Guess what- she has photos of the rose garden! It is amazing what can happen when you share information with others. Dr. Martone is allowing me to use her photos from her trip for this blog as well as for the project. I really hope that some of her photos will be included in the online exhibit because these are personal photos that can not be found online (I am sure there are plenty of photos out there in cyber world, but these mean more to me).
Here are the photos courtesy of Jessica Martone:

Headstone of the Jesuits

Headstone of Julia Elba and Celina Ramos

A Yellow Rose

Friday, July 25, 2014

All About "Ellacu"

Without a doubt there is a lot of information about Ignacio Ellacuría Beascoechea. For no matter where he was, Ellacuría was well known in the society whether it be at UCA, Quito, Madrid, at the Vatican, Austria, or the United States. In 1982, Ellacuría visited Chicago and was given an honorary doctorate by Loyola University. Professor Tom Sheehan of Loyola thought that by giving Ellacuría such an honor would improve Ellacuría's public image in hopes of reducing the death threats that the Salvadoran Army was making against the Priest. Thus, it was Ellacuría's time at Loyola and the tapes that were discovered hidden in the archives of his visit that sparked this project.

Born in Spain on November 9,1930 and one of five sons, Ignacio Ellacuría  was an incredibly gifted man. As a rather reserved student, his teachers did not believe he would aspire to anything extraordinary (if only they knew...).  On September 14, 1947 he joined the Society of Jesus and begun his novitiate as a Jesuit of Loyola in El Salvador. His education did not end at Santa Tecla, he further learned about classical languages, humanities, and philosophy in Quito, Ecuador (1949-1955) and studied under humanities professor Father Aurelio Espionoza Pólit. Before his excursion to Europe, Ellacuría taught philosophy in the seminary of San José de la Montaña in San Salvador. Then from 1958-1962 he studied under Karl Rahner, a Jesuit theologian at Innsburck, Austria. On July 26, 1961 he was ordained a priest. Ellacuría received his doctoral studies of philosophy at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, Spain while working with the well known philosopher Xavier Zubiri from 1962-1967. While in Madrid, Ellacuría participated in student lead strike at the University of Comillas against the conservatism of the theology classes. The Vatican took notice of the protest and Ellacuría's involvement. Ellacuría returned to El Salvador and began working at Universidad Centroamerican, José Simeón Cañas (UCA) as a professor of philosophy and theology...

This is a snip-it of what the biography that I am composing of Ignacio Ellacuría will look like. As of now, there are a lot of lists of dates so I am working on how to make it more appealing to readers. My mission for the rest of the day will be to complete his biography as well as three others.

Getting closer to the end!

Saturday, July 19, 2014

More than Memorable Dates

The title of this post is to reflect of the main goal that I am going to achieve for Professor Dina Berger's project; I want to compose biographies that reflect more than just basic dates of the six Jesuits and Julia&Celina Ramos. All eight were individuals who led important lives not just at the Universidad Centroamericana "José Simeón Cañas" (UCA) but in surrounding communities and countries as well. As an amateur historian, I have been digging deep into the lives of eight individuals who were killed because of their beliefs (Julia and Celina were killed because they were potential witnesses) in helping those who have been victimized by their own country. They are martyrs and deserve well written paragraphs depicting their lives. To do this, I have been triple checking dates and information using multiple reliable sources because-let me make this clear- I do not want to write incorrect information for that would be doing a dishonor to these victims. What I am going to do for the remained of this post is to give a little sneak peak of information on the victims as well as a photo (courtesy of myself) of Loyola's Martyrs Wall...

Ignacio Ellacuría Beascoechea, S.J.
DOB: November 9, 1930 in Portugalete, Spain
Known: philosopher, theologian, outspoken intellectual of human rights
Nickname: "Ellacu"
Studied: classical languages, humanities, philosophy in Quito, Ecuador
theological studies in Innsbruck, Austria
Ph.D. Philosophy from Universidad Complutense in Madrid, Spain

Amando López Quintana, S.J.
DOB: February 6, 1936 in Burgos, Spain
Known: philosopher, theologian, public speaker, extremely friendly
Studied: classical, humanities, philosophy in Quito, Ecuador
theology in Dublic, Ireland
Ph.D. Theology in Rome, Italy (started in Strasburg, France)

Joaquín López y López, S.J.
DOB: August 16, 1918 in Resume, El Salvador
He was the only Jesuit killed who was a native of El Salvador
Known: theologian, Founder of Fe y Alegría
Studied: Jesuit Seminary in Spain
classical, humanities, philosophy in El Paso, Texas

Ignacio Martín-Baró, S.J
DOB: November 7, 1942 in Valladolid, Spain
Known: scholar, social psychologist, philosopher, theologies
Nickname: "Padre Nacho"
Studied: classical languages, humanities in Quito, Ecuador
philosophy, humanities in Bogotá, Colombia
theology in Frankfurt, Germany
psychology at UCA
Ph.D. Psychology from University of Chicago, USA
His Thesis: population density in El Salvador and the psychology of the 'enslaved' due to the influences of "Big Brother" in the North

Segundo Montes Mozo, S.J.
DOB: May 15, 1933 in Valladolid, Spain
Known: scholar, philosopher, theologian, educator, sociologist, human rights activist, informal advisor to Congressman Joe Moakley of Massachusetts 
Nickname: "Zeus"
Studied: classical humanities in Quito, Ecuador
Ph.D. Social Anthropolgy from Universidad Complutense in Madrid, Spain

Juan Ramón Moreno Pardo, S.J.
DOB: August 29, 1933 in Villatuerta, Spain
Known: scholar, theologian, found of Ignatian Center of Central American, founder of the Center of Theological Reflection at UCA
Studied: classical humanities in Quito, Ecuador
theology at University of St. Louis Missouri, USA
Ignatian spirituality in Rome, Italy

Celina Mariset Ramos--------------------------------------Julia Elba Ramos
DOB: February 21, 1973 in Jayaque, El Salvador-------- March 5, 1947 in Santiago de Maria, El Salvador
Occupation: high school student at José Damian Villacorta Institute----------------UCA housekeeper&cook

Father and Husband- Obdulio Ramos who was the gardener of UCA. He planted a circle of six red rose bushes for the Jesuits and two yellow rose bushes in the center of the circle for his wife and daughter at the site of the massacre. 

Monday, July 14, 2014

Keep on Keepin on

Unfortunately, this post will not be as exciting as the previous ones. On the bright side, I have found a very reliable text that has very detailed information of the Jesuits and Ramos family beyond just simple dates and titles. I must say, these Jesuits were extremely dedicated in everything they did. They were philosophers, theologians, psychologists, sociologists, professors, university leaders, guitar players, voiced advocates, political mediators, negotiators, and so much more. I am very excited to have found a substantial amount of information on their activities. The book that I am combing through for the rest of this week is by Teresa Whitfield, Paying the Price: Ignacio Ellacuria and the Murdered Jesuits of El Salvador (1994).
Check out her book on Amazon here:
 Not only does Whitfield include information on practically every individual involved in the murders, but she also gives a solid historical background of El Salvador. There are clear images printed as well in this text which gives me a much better idea of head shots to look for that can be used for the online exhibit.

Thursday, July 10, 2014

U.S. Media Response to November 16

As discussed in the previous post, I am now searching for usable newspaper articles that respond to the November 16, 1989 murders as well as usable news clips. The idea is to have a video in one of the 'panels' of LUC's November homepage that gives a quick outline of what happened. I chose the following two clips because each include live recordings of the crime scene and both clips complement the other. There are a lot of video clips of the murders in Spanish, but for the sake of the general audience that will be viewing the LUC homepage, we will be using the news recordings that are in English.

Here is a link for a Reuters news report courtesy of YouTube:

Finding usable newspaper articles is a bit of a challenge due to copyright. I used the search database, ProQuest, to find newspaper clippings. The ones that are most relevant are from the Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune and the New York Times. In an article from November 19, 1989 in the Los Angeles Times there was a 700 person march protesting against further U.S. funding to El Salvador's military sector. On November 22, 1989 the Chicago Tribune printed an article that included information on the Jesuits and why they were targeted as well as how the U.S. Congress should respond to their murders. On November 17, 1989 the New York Times included an article of the murders, but it did not make the front page. This article is more ideal to use for our purposes because not only does it include an image of the ransacked residents of the Jesuits, but it also includes small maps of José Simeón Cañas (UCA) and where UCA is located in El Salvador.

Which clip and newspaper article that will be used will be decided by Professor Berger and Katie Macica.

Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Whole New World of LUC

Today's post will mostly be of me reflecting on a meeting that I just had with Loyola's marketing team as well as with Professor Dina Berger and Katie Macica (who is also on the project). The goal of today's meeting was to discuss how the Ellacuria project will be displayed on Loyola's home page during Ignatian Heritage Month and all the entails. I have absolutely no clue on the logistics and details or anything for that matter in how to create a web page/website. Katie and her team are creating a website of the project with all of our work which includes:
1. Global Context- Cold War
2. El Salvador's Civil War
3. Liberation Theology
4. Ellacuria's Tapes
5. Loyola's Connection/Response
6. Loyola's Martyr Wall
My assignments to the project has shifted after having discussed the project with the marketers. The marketers have a lot of information in their own archives and know the best channels to go about finding information about the physical wall and Falling Angel sculpture. (See photo below) Inside Loyola did an article about sculptures around campus back in 2011 and you can view the article here: Thus, I will no longer be needing to find information on the wall- crossing that off my list. Drew was explaining to me how he creates Loyola's homepage, and what he needs from me. Basically, I will continue as planned with researching the six martyrs and Ramos family and creating their biographies. My end result is to have two substantial paragraphs on each victim (and I still do not want it to be plain information with dates and locations); from there Drew will select the basic information that will be put on the home page. He is the expert on how to make the homepage "flow" and how to keep the audience interested/hooked. On the page there will be the Wall and viewers will be able to scroll over the names and up will pop the brief information with a link to "Learn More" about each victim, which will take the viewer to the full project website and the full biographies. Since I no longer have to do research on the Wall, I will instead be searching for news material of November 17 and the public response of the murders. Professor Berger suggested finding front page news from the Tribune and news clips via Youtube of day-after reports. Also, I will continue with finding the context of the weeks/days leading up to the actual murder. There are a lot of puzzle pieces to this project, but I am very confident that by the end all of us will have created a fantastic project that honors the victims as well as informing the general public of the civil war that took thousands of lives in El Salvador during the 1980's.

Saturday, July 5, 2014

Researching how to do Research

This week has been focused on how to go about researching the deaths of the six Jesuits as well as the housekeeper and daughter of the housekeeper in order to accurately depict their lives. I scheduled an appointment with Ms. Jane Currie and she taught me how to use all of Loyola's research engines, and I would like to give her a shout out for all of her help! She showed me how to properly use the historical abstracts as well as LAPTOC, HLAS, and Hispanic American Periodicals. She even went as far as helping me set-up my interlibrary loan account of which I already received an article on a report of the assassinations. I will be using my Spanish reading and comprehension skills a lot more than I was expecting for this project because the majority of the articles are in Spanish.
Since meeting with Ms. Currie, I have begun to dive deep into the lives of the Jesuits and the Ramos family. As of now, I am searching the basics on each victim: DOB/place of birth, what they are most 'known' for, areas of studies/degrees/further education/where they studied, occupations, the date of when they entered the Society of Jesus, their arrivals/departures from El Salvador, as well as their position on the civil war (which I need to do a lot more research on). For the biographies, I do not want them to read as a list of dates and accomplishments- I want the biographies to be much more personal in order to give them a better/more eloquent honor when their information is presented in November.
Now that I have a solid start on the individuals and how to obtain more information, my next step is to find and contact who made the Martyr's Wall at LUC. The archives department informed me that they have zero information because it is "too new" which I am still confused about how that is possible, so I think my next best bet would be to contact the Gifts Department of Loyola.